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Jun 28, 2008

Surgery : Risk Facts

Based on WHO report "An Estimation of Global Volume Of Surgery" published in The Lancet on June 25, 2008.

World Health Organization Published a study on worldwide surgeries. Some important facts about Surgeries:

1. 234 million surgeries are undertaken worldwide every year.
2. 1 in every 25 people undergo some minor or major surgery every year.
3. 7 million patients undergoing surgery have Major complications.
4. 1 million die each year as a result of surgical complications.
5. 3 % to 16 % Inpatient surgeries result in unnecessary complications.
6. 0.4% to 0.8% Death rates from complications during surgery.
7. 5 % to 10% Death rates during major surgery in developing countries.
8. Death from general Anaesthesia alone is high as 1 in 150.
9. In 3% cases of surgeries Infections are reported which cause complications.
10. Surgeries are mostly done for Ischaemic heart disease,Cerebro-vascular disease, Cancers and Orthopedic Injuries.


What wrong happen most commonly in India:-

Cases of surgeries being done on the wrong patient,on the wrong part of his body and surgical equipment being left behind is very common in India.

Comparative Facts :

A. Total expenditure Per head on health ( in US $)

China 277
Russia 583
India 91
Indonesia 118
Iran 604
South Korea 1135
Turkey 557

B. Total Average surgeries per year on 1,00,000 population

China 2659
Russia 4257
India 369
Indonesia 1462
Iran 4744
South Korea 6684
Turkey 4188

C. Expected Rate of annual Operations

China 31900000- 38400000
Russia 5600000- 6500000
India 3700000- 4400000
Indonesia 2900000- 3500000
Iran 2900000- 3600000
South Korea 2900000- 3400000
Turkey 2800000- 3300000


Studies and report by World health Organization suggests that approximately 50% of these complications may be preventable if right " SAFE SURGERY CHECK LIST" applied before and during surgeries.


Homeopathy : Scope and Hope

Homeopathy is helpful in reducing the number of many Minor and Major surgeries. Surgeries for superficial cysts, Ovarian Cysts, Kidney and Bladder Stones , Gall Bladder Stones, Warts Cysts of eyelids , Pus Pockets, Hemorrhoids ( Piles), Fissures ,Fistulas , Appendicitis and some other diseases can be cured by Medicines only.

Jun 26, 2008

What is Homeopathy?

Brief Introduction To Homeopathy

Homeopathy has a complete theory and complex concepts of therapeutics. Basic law of homeopathy is its principal of simile. Few basic and very simple explanation of homeopathy are as follows:


(a) Homeopathy is a therapeutic method based on the application of the similia principle, utilizing medicinal substances that, in healthy subjects,produce effects that are similar to the symptoms being treated in ill subjects.

(b) When a healthy organism is perturbed by every physical, chemical, or biological stressor, it produces characteristic signs and symptoms; when caused by a drug, this is regarded as an expression of iatrogenic response or patho-physiological reaction (‘proving’ in the homeopathic medical system).

(c) The provings that describe the characteristic patterns of signs and symptoms, caused in healthy subjects by a number of mineral, vegetable and animal compounds, have been gathered during the past two centuries in the homeopathic ‘Materia Medica’.

(d) When threatened by natural disorder or disease, living organisms show signs and symptoms which are mainly the expression of the efforts to re-establish normal homeodynamics at cellular, tissue and systemic levels including the mind. In chronic conditions, the symptoms also reflect the failure of those efforts, the blockade of regulation system(s), and the pathological adaptation to the disease.

(e) Low doses or high dilutions of a substance which is capable of evoking certain symptoms in healthy subjects, when administered to subjects showing similar symptoms due to natural diseases, may evoke a specific and global secondary healing reaction, thus becoming a potentially effective therapeutic agent.

Homeopathic medicines promote patient's immune system to work strongly against disease process to maintain system's equilibrium again. Even in infectious diseases homeopathic medicines does not act directly against infectious organism. The dose of medicines is very low to work directly against any organism and that is the reason Homeopathic prescriptions are safest without any adverse effect even in children and pregnant women.

Homeopathy is different from all other system of medicines on its principal of individuality. Every patient either in state of health or in disease is different from other one, it means one person's Headache is different from others. Homeopathic medicines can not be prescribed on basis of diagnosis of a disease. All the patients of Migraine can not be prescribed same prescription. If a person get relief by pressure in pain and another person aggravated by pressure in pain,then these two patients would get different prescription in Homeopathy for same disease i.e. Migraine. This is individuality of a patient. Every patient is different from another.

Homeopathy has one more important principal of Totality. When a patient contact a Homeopath for any disease ,for an example Migraine,prescription is not only based on symptoms and signs related to Head. Sign and symptoms are living organism's expression of the effort to re-establish normal homeodynamics. In case of Migraine,these efforts are not only limited to head but all the system show different efforts to maintain normal functioning. So,sign and symptoms related to every system,organ,tissue, changes in behavior pattern, mental attitude are of equal importance. Homeopathic prescriptions are based on Patient's Totality and not merely on sign and symptoms of related disease only.

Homeopathic system of medicine is safest, efficient and accurate for any medical disorder.

Oral Sex : Risk Of Infections

Oral sex is very common among all age groups. Younger persons are more actively indulged in oral sex. Oral sex means giving or receiving oral stimulation to the penis,the vagina or the anus. Oral contact to penis is called Fellatio in technical term, Oral contact to vagina called Cunnilingus and oral contact to anus is called Anilingus.

Is it Safe?
Oral sex may transmit infections. Sexually transmitted Diseases(STD's) can transmit by oral sex. HIV(Human immunodeficiency Virus) infection may also transmit through Oral sex. It means Oral sex not necessarily safe always.

Which infections may transmit by Oral sex?

1.Herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 which causes sores around mouth and genitals.
2.Human Papilloma Virus which causes genital warts.
3.Gonorrhea
4.Chlamydia
5.Syphilis
6.Hepatitis A,B,C

Does HIV may transmit through Oral Sex?

Ulcers and wounds in mouth,bleeding gum's,genital sores,genital and oral piercings,inflammation in mouth or around genitals may receive HIV infection from sperms,vaginal discharges,blood.There is not any case reported yet,cause during a sexual session couples go through all the activities rather than only oral sex. But it may transmit easily.

Prevention

Use cleanliness norms.
Use condoms,flavored condoms are available in market.
Dental dam can be used For cunnilingus or anilingus.

Breast Cancer: Facts and Risk

Facts About cancer:

1. 7.4 million (74,00,000) people died of cancer in 2004. And 83.2 million ( 8,32,00,000) people will die of cancer by 2015.
2. In women Breast cancer is was the most common cause of cancer mortality , 16% women death by cancer were caused by breast cancer.
3. Only 22% women of age group 50-69 year ,surveyed in 66 countries, had undergone a mammogram. In india less then 5% women of this group underwent for a Mammogram.
4. In India breast cancer is most common form cancer in women.
5. 1 in 26 women in India are expected to be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime.
6. WHO( world health organistaion) predicts that by 2020, India will be on a par with US and Europe in the incidence of breast cancer - one in every seven women.
7. If breast cancer detected in Stage 1 ,chances of survival are 80% while in stage 3 chances of survival are 20%.
8. At present ,an estimated 100,000 women get diagnosed with breast cancer every year in India.
9. 1 in 10 women diagnosed with cancer in one breast will develop the cancer in the other breast as well.
10. Around 30,000 women die of breast cancer annually.
11. In India ,about 50% patients of breast cancer get diagnosed only at stage 3.
12. In the last 40 years, breast cancer cases have gone up by 30-40% across Indain metros.
13. A 3% per year rise in breast cancer cases in India is predicted.
14. By 2015 there will be approximately 2.5 lakh (2,50,000) new cases of breast cancer in India.


What is good :

Mortality of Breast cancer ,cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, oral cancer can be reduced by screening.


MAMMOGRAPHY:

1. Screening Mammography is an X-Ray examination of the brestes in a woman who is asymptomatic ( Has no symptoms of breast cancer).
2. It's goal is to detect cancer when the cancerous lump is still too small to be felt by a woman or her physician.
3. Mammography can find 90% of breast cancers in women over 50 years and can discover a lump up to two years before it can even be felt.
4. Early detection of small breast cancers improves a woman's chances of successful treatment.
5. Screening mammography is recommended every one or two years for women once they reach age of 40 and every year once they reach age of 50 years.
6. Physicians sometimes begin screening mammography before age 40 in patients who have a strong family history of breast cancer.